Tuba, is one among the thirteen municipalities of the Province of Benguet. It lies at the south to southwestern tip of the province of Benguet as well as the Cordillera
Administrative Region. It is bounded on the north by the city of Baguio, on the east by the municipality of Itogon, on the south by the province of Pangasinan, and on the west by the province of La Union. It has a total land area of 44, 925.95 hectares comprising thirteen barangays, namely: Ansagan, Camp One, Camp Three, Camp Four, Nangalisan, Poblacion, San Pascual, Tabaan Norte, Tabaan Sur, Tadiangan, Taloy Norte, Taloy Sur, and Twin Peaks.
The municipality is generally considered a mountainous area characterized by irregular rugged terrain and steep slopes. The highest elevation within the area is 2,252 meters above mean sea level while the lowest is 134 meters above mean sea level.
The Township of Tuba was created by virtue of Executive Order No. 77 dated December 11, 1911. Since its creation up to the present, it is inhabited by diverse ethno-linguistic groups such as Ibaloi, Ilocano, Pangasinense, Kankana-ey, Kalinga, Kalanguya, and others. From an official initial headcount of 2,764 in December 31, 1918 it has increased up to 40, 008 in 2007. As per record of the COMELEC Tuba field Office, there are 21, 783 registered voters in the municipality.
About 54.47 percent of its total population in 2000 comprise the labor force with a literacy rate of 92.83%. Recorded crude birth rate in 2007 is 20.98 while crude death rate is 3.01.
While the municipality is classified as first class municipality, the predominant type of employment in the locality is farming and other agriculture-based activities.
It has 31 Public Elementary Schools, 5 Public Secondary Schools, 14 Barangay Health Stations, 1 Main Health Station, 4 Police Community Precincts, 4 Community Police Assistance Centers, 1 PNP Headquarters.
The municipality is accessible via land transport through various entries such as Naguilian Road, Kennon Road, and Marcos Highway. It is traversed by different roads with an aggregate total length of 359.506 kilometers.
With its peculiar location, it is aptly called, the “Gateway to the Cordilleras and to the other Regions.”
Likewise, with the unique endowment, it is called as “Benguet’s Cradle of Nature’s Gift.”